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Gytheio or Gythio, also the ancient Gythium or Gytheion, is located in the northeastern corner of the Mani Peninsula and lies on the northwestern end of the Laconian Gulf in Laconia, Peloponnese, Greece. . Gytheio was built on a hill called Koumaros or Laryssio in one of the most fertile areas in Mani, near the mouth of the Gythium River, which is usually dry and has been nicknamed Xerias "dry river" today, most of the Xerias is covered by Ermou Avenue. Northeast of Gytheio is the delta of the Evrotas River. Offshore are several small islands the most important of these islands is Cranae, on which sits the Tzannetakis Tower (now the Historical and Cultural museum of Mani) and a lighthouse built of solid marble. Today Cranae is connected to the mainland by a causeway. Gytheio used to be an important port until it was destroyed in 4th century AD, possibly by an earthquake. Even thereafter its strategic location gave Gytheio a significant role in Maniot history. Today it is the largest and most important town in Mani. It is also the seat of the municipality of East Mani.